What is Neurofeedback?
Neurofeedback, sometimes called Neurotherapy or EGG biofeedback, is a
procedure that allows a person to train his or her brainwaves to improve cognitive
and behavioral functioning. It has been used effectively with a variety of
problems stemming from difficulties regulating the nervous system. Our brains
produce electrical impulses at a variety of frequencies. These electrical
frequencies can be out of balance or very unstable for various reasons, including
stress, illness, genetic predisposition, and brain trauma.
If the brain has become unbalanced or unregulated, it may struggle to
accomplish even a simple task; sometimes finding less effort is required if it takes
a “shortcut.” However, with this “shortcut” comes an alteration of brain
functioning that is less adaptive in the long run. Neurofeedback gives the brain
the necessary information it needs to re-learn and improve functioning.
When the brain frequencies become unbalanced or dysregulated, the brain
struggles to accomplish even simple tasks. Interestingly, the brain cannot change
these unbalanced patterns by itself and needs intervention. If intervention is not
started as soon as possible, the brain may find less effort is required if it takes a “shortcut”. However, with this “shortcut” comes a malfunction of brain activity that
is less adaptive in the long run.
During Neurofeedback, the brain’s electrical impulses are measured, and a
computer is programmed to give feedback when the brainwave patterns are
improving. If undesirable brainwave activity interferes, the activity engaged in is
inhibited and action stops. As the brain begins to respond to the cues, the brain
learns new patterns. As a result, Neurofeedback gives the brain the necessary
information it needs to re-learn and improve its functioning.